scholars have pointed out that many of the men accused were related to women who had already been accused. The history of the "nine million" estimate was researched by Wolfgang Behringer: Neun Millionen Hexen. "The Role of The Episcopal Tribunal of Novara in The Suppression of Heresy and Witchcraft 15631615". The Economic Journal : n/an/a.
Arthur Miller's, the Crucible : Fact Fiction, by Margo
In contrast with other parts of Europe, trials the Venetian Holy Office never saw conviction for the crime of malevolent witchcraft, or "maleficio". As Thurston noted, "By about 1200, it would have been difficult to be a Christian and not frequently hear of the devil . As a part of this, they gained new, supernatural powers that enabled them to work magic, which they would use against Christians. "Early Christian theologians attributed to the Devil responsibility for persecution, heresy, witchcraft, sin, natural disasters, human calamities, and whatever else went wrong. Step 1: Make a List, before you go to write an essay, it is wise to make a list of all possible causes and effects related to the topic and it helps you get more focused. Others can be ordered from the Peabody Essex bookshop, including the video." The Brewers' Witch wwwboard - The Taproom Link #121 There is often a thread about the Salem Witchcraft Trials on this web-based bulletin board at a pagan site. Interrogation and torture edit Various acts of torture were used against accused witches to coerce confessions and cause them to name their co-conspirators. For instance, during the Würzburg trials of 1629, children made up 60 of those accused, although this had reduced to 17 by the end of the year. Lure of the Sinister: The Unnatural History of Satanism. 42 Beginning of the witch hunts during the 15th century edit The earliest known witch trials in which the accused were associated with the fully developed stereotype of the demonic witch was in the Valais witch trials of 1428, which took place in communities. Several freelance witch-hunters emerged during this period, the most notorious of whom was Matthew Hopkins, who emerged from East Anglia and proclaimed himself "Witchfinder General".